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在CentOS 7中搭建PPTP、L2TP、IPSec服务

2016-06-05 16:01:41  来源:慕课网
  在百度搜索了很多关于CentOS7搭建VPN的教程,但是有很多走不完全套的,因此浪费了很多时间,在这里我把查到能走通的教程整理了一遍,分享给大家。
更新组件   整个安装过程不用经过编译,组件都是在yum中下载,首先我们更新一下所有组件:
yum update -y   这里有个地方需要注意的是:有些主机的硬件并不支持最新内核,因此在不确定的情况下就不要升级内核了,用以下的命令:
yum –exclude=kernel* update -y   更新需要较长时间,请耐心等待。
非常重要的小插曲   撰写这篇文章并且共享出来,主要是为了能和大家互相学习和交流,但是正在看这篇文章的不乏一些现在就有自己的服务器或VPS,急着马上搭建好一台自己的VPN服务器的同学,如果你是这类同学,请不用心急,因为我制作好了自动运行脚本,脚本的内容和文章内容是一样的,把脚本下载到服务器,运行并配置自己的账号密码、ip和客户端ip即可。
  脚本下载地址:https://github.com/BoizZ/PPTP-L2TP-IPSec-VPN-auto-installation-script-for-CentOS-7
  运行脚本:sh vpn-script-for-centos7.sh
  好,那么希望继续学习的同学请往下看。
安装epel源   为什么要安装epel源呢?是因为必要组件xl2tpd在基础的yum源里面是没有的。
yum install epel-release -y 安装依赖组件   安装完epel源以后就可以直接安装依赖组件了。
yum install -y openswan ppp pptpd xl2tpd wget 修改配置文件   需要等待所有依赖组件安装完成才能执行以下步骤(小标题括号内是文件路径)。
ipsec.conf配置文件(/etc/ipsec.conf) # /etc/ipsec.conf - Libreswan IPsec configuration file # This file: /etc/ipsec.conf # # Enable when using this configuration file with openswan instead of libreswan #version 2 # # Manual: ipsec.conf.5 # basic configuration config setup # NAT-TRAVERSAL support, see README.NAT-Traversal nat_traversal=yes # exclude networks used on server side by adding %v4:!a.b.c.0/24 virtual_private=%v4:10.0.0.0/8,%v4:192.168.0.0/16,%v4:172.16.0.0/12 # OE is now off by default. Uncomment and change to on, to enable. oe=off # which IPsec stack to use. auto will try netkey, then klips then mast protostack=netkey force_keepalive=yes keep_alive=1800 conn L2TP-PSK-NAT rightsubnet=vhost:%priv also=L2TP-PSK-noNAT conn L2TP-PSK-noNAT authby=secret pfs=no auto=add keyingtries=3 rekey=no ikelifetime=8h keylife=1h type=transport left=$serverip leftid=$serverip leftprotoport=17/1701 right=%any rightprotoport=17/%any dpddelay=40 dpdtimeout=130 dpdaction=clear # For example connections, see your distribution's documentation directory, # or the documentation which could be located at # /usr/share/docs/libreswan-3.*/ or look at https://www.libreswan.org/ # # There is also a lot of information in the manual page, "man ipsec.conf" # You may put your configuration (.conf) file in the "/etc/ipsec.d/" directory # by uncommenting this line #include /etc/ipsec.d/*.conf 设置预共享密钥配置文件(/etc/ipsec.secrets) #include /etc/ipsec.d/*.secrets $serverip username PSK password   注解:第二行中username为登录名,password为登录密码
pptpd.conf配置文件(/etc/pptpd.conf) #ppp /usr/sbin/pppd option /etc/ppp/options.pptpd #debug # stimeout 10 #noipparam logwtmp #vrf test #bcrelay eth1 #delegate #connections 100 localip 10.0.1.2 remoteip 10.0.1.200-254 xl2tpd.conf配置文件(/etc/xl2tpd/xl2tpd.conf) ; ; This is a minimal sample xl2tpd configuration file for use ; with L2TP over IPsec. ; ; The idea is to provide an L2TP daemon to which remote Windows L2TP/IPsec ; clients connect. In this example, the internal (protected) network ; is 192.168.1.0/24. A special IP range within this network is reserved ; for the remote clients: 192.168.1.128/25 ; (i.e. 192.168.1.128 ... 192.168.1.254) ; ; The listen-addr parameter can be used if you want to bind the L2TP daemon ; to a specific IP address instead of to all interfaces. For instance, ; you could bind it to the interface of the internal LAN (e.g. 192.168.1.98 ; in the example below). Yet another IP address (local ip, e.g. 192.168.1.99) ; will be used by xl2tpd as its address on pppX interfaces. [global] ; ipsec saref = yes listen-addr = 104.171.165.91 auth file = /etc/ppp/chap-secrets port = 1701 [lns default] ip range = 10.0.1.100-10.0.1.254 local ip = 10.0.1.1 refuse chap = yes refuse pap = yes require authentication = yes name = L2TPVPN ppp debug = yes pppoptfile = /etc/ppp/options.xl2tpd length bit = yes options.pptpd配置文件(/etc/ppp/options.pptpd) # Authentication name pptpd #chapms-strip-domain # Encryption # BSD licensed ppp-2.4.2 upstream with MPPE only, kernel module ppp_mppe.o # {{{ refuse-pap refuse-chap refuse-mschap # Require the peer to authenticate itself using MS-CHAPv2 [Microsoft # Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol, Version 2] authentication. require-mschap-v2 # Require MPPE 128-bit encryption # (note that MPPE requires the use of MSCHAP-V2 during authentication) require-mppe-128 # }}} # OpenSSL licensed ppp-2.4.1 fork with MPPE only, kernel module mppe.o # {{{ #-chap #-chapms # Require the peer to authenticate itself using MS-CHAPv2 [Microsoft # Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol, Version 2] authentication. #+chapms-v2 # Require MPPE encryption # (note that MPPE requires the use of MSCHAP-V2 during authentication) #mppe-40 # enable either 40-bit or 128-bit, not both #mppe-128 #mppe-stateless # }}} ms-dns 8.8.4.4 ms-dns 8.8.8.8 #ms-wins 10.0.0.3 #ms-wins 10.0.0.4 proxyarp #10.8.0.100 # Logging #debug #dump lock nobsdcomp novj novjccomp nologfd options.xl2tpd配置文件(/etc/ppp/options.xl2tpd) rm -f /etc/ppp/options.xl2tpd cat >>/etc/ppp/options.xl2tpd<<EOF #require-pap #require-chap #require-mschap ipcp-accept-local ipcp-accept-remote require-mschap-v2 ms-dns 8.8.8.8 ms-dns 8.8.4.4 asyncmap 0 auth crtscts lock hide-password modem debug name l2tpd proxyarp lcp-echo-interval 30 lcp-echo-failure 4 mtu 1400 noccp connect-delay 5000 # To allow authentication against a Windows domain EXAMPLE, and require the # user to be in a group "VPN Users". Requires the samba-winbind package # require-mschap-v2 # plugin winbind.so # ntlm_auth-helper '/usr/bin/ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=ntlm-server-1 --require-membership-of="EXAMPLE\VPN Users"' # You need to join the domain on the server, for example using samba: # http://rootmanager.com/ubuntu-ipsec-l2tp-windows-domain-auth/setting-up-openswan-xl2tpd-with-native-windows-clients-lucid.html 创建chap-secrets配置文件,即用户列表及密码(/etc/ppp/chap-secrets) # Secrets for authentication using CHAP # client server secret IP addresses username pptpd password * username l2tpd password *   注解:第三第四行中username为登录名,password为登录密码
系统配置 允许IP转发 sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1 sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter=0 sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter=0 sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.$eth.rp_filter=0 sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects=0 sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects=0 sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects=0 sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects=0   注解:以上均是命令,复制上去运行即可
也可以修改配置文件(/etc/sysctl.conf):
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1 net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 0 net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 0 net.ipv4.conf.$eth.rp_filter = 0 net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0 net.ipv4.conf.default.send_redirects = 0 net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0 net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0 允许防火墙端口   创建文件/usr/lib/firewalld/services/pptpd.xml并修改:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <service> <short>pptpd</short> <description>PPTP</description> <port protocol="tcp" port="1723"/> </service>   创建文件/usr/lib/firewalld/services/l2tpd.xml并修改:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <service> <short>l2tpd</short> <description>L2TP IPSec</description> <port protocol="udp" port="500"/> <port protocol="udp" port="4500"/> <port protocol="udp" port="1701"/> </service> 初始化并重启防火墙: firewall-cmd --reload firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=pptpd firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=l2tpd firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=ipsec firewall-cmd --permanent --add-masquerade firewall-cmd --permanent --direct --add-rule ipv4 filter FORWARD 0 -p tcp -i ppp+ -j TCPMSS --syn --set-mss 1356 firewall-cmd --reload   这里是由于CentOS7自带firewall,并且不预装iptables,因此自己也不多此一举去安装了,因为效果都是一样的。
启动并设置开机自启动服务 systemctl enable pptpd ipsec xl2tpd systemctl restart pptpd ipsec xl2tpd 大功告成   最后一步,并且是最重要的一步,当然是连接一下自己刚建好的VPN服务器啦!
  现在估计你和我有同样的喜悦,当然如果中间出现什么问题的话,交流区在下方,很乐意大家踊跃参与!